This is a “calm phase of uniform growth” in which the abstract mind is organized. The child’s mental and physical horizons open up and there is no limit to what the child can explore if the opportunities are there and conditions are favorable.
For this plane of development, Montessori emphasized an expansive education, a vastness of culture, wider social contacts and the open environment. This child wants to explore the whole question of morality, and can, together with other children, build social groups that are organized with rules to be governed by and work to be done.
The child of the second plane is eager for knowledge and understanding of the world built by Nature and mankind. He/She is endowed with the power of imagination, abstract thought and reasoning and physical strength.