“In this intellectual period the child’s questions are immunerable. He wants to know everything, his thirst for knowledge is so insatiable that people generally are at their wits and about it. Therefore they mostly choose the easy way, and simply force the child to be silent and to onlt learn what we group up and consider useful for the child.
And to do so…we destroy spontaneous interest.
Learning then becomes a tidious and tiresome business. The result is all sorts of deviations in the child’s personality. It should be realizes that genuine interest cannot be forced.
Therefore all methods based on centres of interest, which have been chosen by adults, are wrong. Moreover, these centres of interest are superfluous, for the child is interested in everything.
A global vision of cosmic events facinates the child and his inerests will soon remain fixed on one particular part as a starting point for more intensive studies. As all parts are related, they will all be scrutinized sooner or later. Thus, the child will develop a kind of philosophy, which teaches him the unity of the universe.
This is the very thing to organize his intelligence, and to give him a better insight into his own place and task in the world and at the same time presenting a chance for the development of his creative energy”.cosmic,education,love,understanding,freedom,connected,together,montessori,maria
Dr. Montessori said: “We have continually repeated that the child has revealed to us in a clear and human way that there exists within human nature an impulse towards work.
And he has the shown us that upon the circumstances of this impulse depends normality.”
The Child’s play is really work –
the child works for his/her own development. All the separate embryonic developments, which occurred from 0-3 years, must in the end, function together and become integrated so as to serve the individual personality. This is what is happening in the period for 3-6, when the hands are working, guided by the mind. When the environment offers motives for constructive activity, all energies concentrate together. With freedom to develop normally, we see the true personality of the child emerge.
This is what Montessori called the ‘Normalised‘ child. During, and as a result of the process of normalisation, the child develops character quite spontaneously. Montessori identifies the period from three to six years of age as the ’embryonic period for the formation of character’.
Late adolescence is turmoil. During this time, age twelve to eighteen years others become more important. Little by little they leave the family, first emotionally then physically.
This is hard on parents. Parents are asked to see the adult in the child. Parents need to change how they talk. What was appropriate before is not anymore. The children are being reborn (powerful hormonal changes are occurring) and are very insecure. They see adulthood coming and are very interested in themselves.
All children at this age have an inferiority complex. They are convinced they are being watched. They imagine everyone is looking at them. They don’t have a stable inside or outside anymore. It is also a very idealistic time. They need to be exposed to heroes and idealists. They want to know they have a role to play. They respond to people who make a difference.
The hardest part in our society is that they are seen as useless. Society is telling them there is no place for them until they get older. The way out for this is often the arts, music and drama.
This is the time that the child develops significant relationships with other adults. There is a decrease in IQ during this period. The child has a decreased interest in academic learning when they are really growing and going through great physical changes.
It is a time to train for self-sufficiency. Connect lessons with practical, concrete experiences. This is a good time to learn about the independence and interdependence of nature.
At the age of three, a new consciousness appears clearly and fully. It is as though the child’s life is beginning again, but this time as a “conscious creator”. The child now wants to master his or her environment and exercise his/her will. The child is always busy doing something with his/her hands, guided by intelligence. `
The first stage of development is the stage of the absorbent mind. It is a very powerful time of construction and self-adaptation to the Child’s time, place and culture.
This is the Plane of fundamental importance for the formation of the individual. The infant from 0-3 is identified by Montessori as a “Spiritual Embryo”, as the infant has, within him/herself “potentials”, which determine his or her development, seen as empty vessels, waiting to be filled with knowledge, language, intellect and culture.
There exists within this inert being, a global power, a human creative essence, which drives her or him to form a human being, of his time, civilization and associated culture. The newborn child has to perform formative work, which corresponds in the psychological sphere, to the one just done by the embryo in the physical sphere. In this psycho-embryonic period, various powers develop separately and independently of each other i.e. arm and leg movements, sensory movements, language etc. At this stage, there is no unity in the personality. Montessori called the infant from 0-3 the “unconscious creator”.