Montessori education is in its essence a study of the “nature of a human being”, a process of a formation and conception throughout life.
Two unique gifts are given to the human being
- The intellect – reasonning mind
- The will – love
These two gifts allow the tendencies to construct the human uniqueness. The tendencies are factors that operate the vehicles of the intellect, enabling the human to learn about and understand his environment.
The Human Tendencies:
The practical application of the Montessori method is based on human tendencies— to explore, move, share with a group, to be independent and make decisions, create order, develop self-control, abstract ideas from experience, use the creative imagination, work hard, repeat, concentrate, and perfect one’s efforts.
The Human Tendencies
Dr. Montessori was able to identify distinct human tendencies, the same tendencies that have accounted for man’s survival since his first appearance on earth. Exploration. Orientation. Communication. Work.(purposeful activity). Manipulation. Order. Exactness. Repetition. Abstraction. Communication. Self-Perfection. Mathematical Mind.
She built an environment for children based upon these tendencies and allowed them to explore within it. The Montessori environment enables children to discover the world for themselves, much as the first humans on earth must have done.
From age 6 to age 12, children become reasoning explorers. They develop new powers of abstraction and imagination. They utilize and apply their knowledge to further discover and expand their world.