MATURITY (18 – 24)
Providing that all has gone well before, this becomes the time when the individual develops the spiritual strength and independence for his or her personal mission in life.
This individual becomes a human being who has attained a high level of moral conscience and responsibility, and can work for the good of humanity.
Thus the developmental life of a human being is a sequence of births.
An earlier plane always prepares the one that follows, forms its basis, and nurtures the energies, which urge the individual towards the succeeding period of life. If the child is allowed to unfold according to its natural development, and is provided with the right environment, he/she can offer his/her gifts to the rest of humanity
THE FOUR PLANES OF DEVELOPMENT
The four Planes (or phases) of development is an overall vision of Montessori’s
developmental psychology from infancy to adulthood. Her vision of the whole of
development and growth was not her own. It provides a holistic view of the developing human being and explains the constant Montessori idea of the importance of education as a “help to life”. `
The four Planes of development define the stages of human growth from birth to biological maturity. Each stage lasts approximately six years and a different set of psychological characteristics can be observed in each stage.
Human tendencies manifest according to these characteristics. Sensitive periods guide each stage of development and are most pronounced in the first stage.
Infancy 0 – 6 years
During birth to age six the child develops his psyche and makes great physical changes.
6 – 12 years
Adolescence 12 – 18 yearsAges twelve to eighteen are a period of intense physical and psychic change. During this period the construction of the individual in relation to society occurs.
Twelve years of age is a line of demarcation. What happens before is considered to be the age of childhood and what happens after is preparation of adulthood. This is when the youth accomplishes the transformation into the adult member of the species and creates a social self who will assume the role of contributor to society itself.
12 – 18 years
Maturity 18-24 years
Quote by Maria Montessori:
“Sow the seeds of culture…
How many?…As many as possible”.
Dr. Montessori said,
“Trust the spontaneous, organizing power of the human intellect”.
“The human mind works by itself, moved by a power within.”
Each plane displays different characteristics and needs to be treated accordingly.
The first and the secound plane are the stage of childhood, the third and the fourth plane the stage of adult hood. There are parallels between the first and the third periods. They are the periods of greatest physical growth and transformation. The second and the fourth peiod have the parallels of great internal growth and development.
The greatest change occurs during the first three years in both planes (0-3)(12-15). The secound three years strengthen and customize, perfect and stabilize then growth and tranformation that took place during the first three years.